1. Integration of automation and informatization
In the future, enterprises need to flexibly adjust production capacity according to market demand, realize personalized customization and manufacture intelligent products.
This can not only rely on automation technology to achieve, but also rely on information technology to solve business level problems, give wisdom to the factory, and provide basis and support for market decision-making, data analysis, judgment, control, quality control, after-sales service, etc. Automation must be combined with information technology in order to play the greatest effect, otherwise the simple automation is meaningless.
2. Improve the intelligence of equipment
Manufacturing equipment has experienced from mechanical equipment to numerical control equipment, and is gradually developing into intelligent equipment. Intelligent equipment has detection function, which can realize on-line detection, so as to compensate machining error, improve machining accuracy and compensate thermal deformation.
In the past, some precision equipment has high requirements on the environment. Now, with the closed-loop detection and compensation, the environmental requirements can be reduced. One of the most basic requirements of intelligent equipment is to provide open data interface to support equipment networking.
3. Improve the intelligence of production line
The application of intelligent production line in China's manufacturing enterprises is still in its infancy, but it must be the direction of development.
The features of intelligent production line are as follows:
It can automatically detect the quality of a variety of products in the process of production and automatically display the quality of the products through the inspection of various sensors in the production process And assembly, flexible adjustment process to adapt to small batch, multi variety production mode; flexible, if there is equipment fault in the production line, can be adjusted to other equipment production; for manual operation of the station, can give intelligent prompt.
4. Improve the intelligence of the workshop
A workshop usually has multiple production lines, which either produce similar parts or products, or have upstream and downstream assembly relationships. In order to realize the intellectualization of workshop, it is necessary to collect and analyze the production status, equipment status, energy consumption, production quality, material consumption and other information in real time, carry out efficient production scheduling and reasonable scheduling, and significantly improve equipment utilization (OEE).
Therefore, no matter what manufacturing industry, manufacturing execution system (MES) has become an inevitable choice for enterprises. MES is a workshop level integrated management system, which can help enterprises significantly improve equipment utilization, improve product quality, achieve traceability of production process and error proofing of feeding, and improve production efficiency.
5. Improve the intelligence of the factory
With automated production lines and lots of robots, it's not an intelligent factory. As an intelligent factory, not only the production process should be automated, transparent, visual and lean, but also the product testing, quality inspection and analysis, production logistics should also be integrated with the production process. Information sharing, on time delivery and collaborative operation should be realized among multiple workshops in a factory.
Intelligent factory, some discrete manufacturing enterprises have also established a production command center similar to the process manufacturing enterprise to command and dispatch the whole factory, and find and solve the unexpected problems in time, which is also an important symbol of the intelligent factory. Intelligent factory must rely on seamless integration of information system support, mainly including PLM, ERP, CRM, SCM and MES five core systems. The intelligent factory of large enterprise needs to use ERP system to make production plan of several workshops, and MES system can make detailed production scheduling according to the production plan of each workshop.
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